hamster

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Everything posted by hamster

  1. hamster

    HDMI input

    I've been working on a HDMI input wing, and have hit what looks to be a potential major snag. The TMDS input requires 50 ohm termination resistors to 3.3V on the differential inputs, at a "suitable distance" from the FPGA's pin. I am assumed that the rising edge is around 0.5ns for a 750Mb/s 1280x720p signal. That gives a 1/4th Transition Electrical Length is about 2cm, and using my trusty scrap of paper the trace from the chip to the top of the wing connector is about 5cm. So I am now worried that if I locate the termination that far from the FPGA it will adversely affect the signal integrity. Can anybody confirm if this worry is well founded or not?
  2. hamster

    Issues with srec_cat.

    Hi Jack (and others). I've just been bashing my head against a problem - if I convert the AVR 'hex' file and put it in the VDHL for program memory it works, but when I merged the same hex file in with data2mem it didn't. I traced it down to srec_cat + data2mem giving different results depending on the length of the line in the lines in the '.mem' file generated by srec_cat. If the lines in the '.mem' file had 0xFF bytes it the second line merges in the wrong place (maybe due to byte swapping???). By using "srec_cat program.hex -Intel --byte-swap 2 -Data_Only -Line_Length 105 -o program.mem -vmem 8" the lines came out a convenient 32 bytes of date per line, and it merged in correctly. This was using srec_cat version 1.47.D001. Hope this helps somebody avoid the struggles I had. Cheers Mike. PS. Thanks for your efforts in porting the AVR8 to Xilinx - I am currently running this core on a Digilent Nexys2 - now that I have it up and running an order for a Papilio one will go in as soon as disposable income will allow!
  3. hamster

    FPGA vs ASICS

    That is like designing a rally car and asking if for best perfomance you should use racing slicks.... Let your engineers use whichever tool works for them - but it won't be C++!
  4. hamster

    FPGA vs ASICS

    WIth 100 boards you won't be at the point where the engineering costs for your own PCBs start making sense over an off-the-shelf board, unless you have other constraints that make it very important to you. If a off-the-shelf costs $1,500, it might have a build cost of about $500 per board, so you only get $100,000 for board development and tested before it isn't worth it financially, and that doesn't include any allowance for the risks and the development time. Given that you could pay a little more and get some fully-featured dev boards on your desk tomorrow that people can work with straight away, verses a complex PCB development, including the associated risk and expenses it seems a no-brainier. You always have the option of designing a custom board once things are up and running and your requirements have been are completely understood. I would think that it is a very limited skills pool - FPGA/ASIC, low latency designs, high speed comms, most likely gigabit networking , tcp/ip protocols, the understanding of the on-the-wire trading protocols, and then implementing HFT algorithms. The pool of people would be very small - about the same size as a niche medical specialist (e.g. in the same order as Orthopedic surgeons who specialize in jaw reconstructions). Defiantly not main-stream skills.
  5. hamster

    FPGA vs ASICS

    Hi oritemis.frc, I can give you an none-answer. We don't really have enough specs to give you a sensible answer. Say you wanted the top level of performance the entry price is pretty steep. If you wanted to accept multiple 10 Gbps fibers the hardware alone will cost something like $10k per instance. (http://www.digilentinc.com/Products/Detail.cfm?NavPath=2,400,1328&Prod=NETFPGA-10G-SUME). If you only need multiple Gigabit interfaces the hardware is about $1.5k per board.. Tools to develop the application will cost $3k+ per year per seat. Any IP you license will also cost, like a wounded bull - for example a SATA IP block costs $20k per design. H/W cost is only a small bit. Engineering time will cost about $100k p.a. for an average VHDL engineer (see http://www.payscale.com/research/US/Skill=VHDL/Salary).Maybe $1k a day for a contractor. It would need a small team outside of the developers of main trading algorithm. - Software - embedded Linux will most likely be in there somewhere - A networking protocol engineer. - Programmable logic - maybe three engineers, or one really enthusiastic one. - Testing / Verification (e.g. making dummy feeds, testing benchmarking and so on. - Ongoing support. If you wanted to build custom boards you will need a high speed design engineer or two, and maybe $100k (if not more) for prototypes Development time frame really depends on system complexity - maybe 4 weeks, maybe 6 months. So as a rough budget. - hardware and setup for 5 engineers - maybe $100k. - Development resource (5 engineers for 6 months) - $8k per week per month per engineer = $240k - Office space, expenses, travel... - Contingency Call it $400k, on the back of an envelope, without actually knowning what you want to do.
  6. hamster

    Serial port issues

    Make sure you have software flow control turned off on the pprt , or you will lose all you XON/XOFF characters. (\x11 and \x13 IIRC) Mike
  7. An old trick is you can clock a BRAM with "not clk" and the result of a lookup is ready before the next rising clock edge... However your designs Fmax might halve so it isn't suited for high performance designs.
  8. hamster

    Papilio lock-in amplifier?

    Once you get it gojng, rather than using a sine wave, why not try a GPS gold code? ( or something similar to one) It is a pseudo random bit stream that is quite long. When you correlate with an external signal you can get a really precise phase lock. This time to phase lock is what gives the long time to first fix of a GPS as it trys all the different alignments, but once locked it is very solid, even though the power levels of the signal is well below the noise floor and mixed up with all the other GPS birds. By having g a real time clock on the GPS the time to first fix is improved as the GPS knows where to start hunting. Also, I believe that most GPS units have a one bit DAC, so maybe a bandpass filter and to compare against the long term average is all you need?
  9. If you want to listen to an hour's banter about FPGAs, have a listen to this week's Amp Hour podcast. http://www.theamphour.com/237-an-interview-with-joe-and-mark-garrison-subtly-spelling-sayleeay/ It's a great interview with the guys behind the Saleae Logic Analysers.
  10. Hi, Somebody was after a way to send the input state of pins through to a host/PC for logging, so I knocked something up from them. http://hamsterworks.co.nz/mediawiki/index.php/Log_Pins It logs 11 pins as an ASCII string of ones and zeros, followed by a NL and CR, at 9600 baud on the virtual serial port. It only sends an update when the state of the input changes. Somebody might also be able to make use of it as a debugging interface...
  11. hamster

    Newbie on Mojo V3

    You may also want to break it down into smaller chunks, that you can put together into a working project. First start with turning on some LEDs, then.... a: Can you receive a single byte from the PC and display it on some LEDs? b: Can you generate a VGA test picture? c: Can you make a memory and play back a pattern onto LEDs? Then you can build a+b: Can you store bytes from the PC into a memory? b+c: Can you display a picture from memory? Then finally a+b+c: Taking data from the host, storing it in memory, and displaying it on the screen.
  12. If you have an passing interest in DSP or Software defined radio, then you simply have to watch this talk. It starts off pretty weak for a minute or so , but once the presenter gets going...
  13. hamster

    External RAM

    GBs might be expecting a bit much. Here's an example part for you http://www.microchip.com/mymicrochip/filehandler.aspx?ddocname=en559112 It has some funny 2-data-pin DDR mode, where you can get 10MB/s out of it. Not too shabby.
  14. hamster

    External RAM

    Possibly? Yes. Practical? No. The speed of signals needed to operate a SDRAM chip property make this impractical. If you were to run you serial interface at 100MHz, and used ram with a 16 bit data bus the SDRAM chip would be clocked at about 6MHz. There are however static RAM chips with a serial interface that could be used, that require only three or four wires.
  15. You can do this - http://forum.gadgetfactory.net/index.php?/page/articles.html/_/papilio/logicstart-megawing/using-just-the-switches-and-leds-on-the-logicst-r56 - and then you have 16 spare I/O pins where you can connect up more switches and LEDs using jumper wires (or Button wings).
  16. Here is how to drive a low-cost stepper motor and to count the steps taken. The motor used was low cost - only US$7 with the driver board! http://hamsterworks.co.nz/mediawiki/index.php/Stepper
  17. I've been thinking about this while mowing the lawns. The output of the piezo will have really high impedance, as is the ADC's input impedance. You might just get away with this (ignore the part names, ADC inputs are on the right): The Rs should be around quite high value - maybe 1M or above, and the diodes are to clamp the input just in case the input goes outside of the power supply range. Just try it without the low-pass filter cap first, and then experiment to find a suitable value - it should be around 0.47n or so to get a -3db filter of around 600Hz or so, assuming you use 1M ohm and the piezo output impedance is higher than than. Oh, and because of the high impedance, using an oscilloscope to watch what is going on will not give accurate readings. EDIT: The ADC's AC input impedance is about 100 ohms, so maybe some sort of buffer will be needed, esp for high sample rates.
  18. The ADC is 0-5v IIRC so if you use a rail to rail op-amp powered by 5v then there is no way that it could exceed the input range. One thing I just thought of is that the low pass filter is drawn to use a. Opamp with a +/- ?V supply, not 5v / 0V. I will sketch something up later tonight
  19. This is a low pass filter from http://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/filter/filter_5.html. It has a -3db cutoff filter at 159 Hz, give or take. (note - the power connections for the OpAmp are not shown!) Were the C value reduced, the cutoff frequency would rise - a 33nF cap would give you about 472 Hz (about what I guess you may want), If you were to sample the resulting signal at about 5kHz, you should have no problem with aliases. However, I don't know the output impedance of a piezo disk pickup, it might be far higher than this circuit needs. If things don't work well you might need a JFET buffer to match the two together. (from http://www.muzique.com/lab/splitter.htm)
  20. When a Papilio Duo is connected using both MicroUSB and MiniUSB,cables how many virtual COM ports will I expect to see? Will it be one for the Arduino interface and one for the FPGA? Or is the Arduino interface hidden behind the FPGA, and a bit file is required to make the connections for programming - much like how the EEPROM is accessed on the PapOne and PapPro. Mike
  21. I've just finished testing my LED driver PCB - 8 channels, each driving two constant current outputs (well, sinks actually). Loaded with 50 ohm sense resistors it gives 13mA per channel. 33 ohm will give 20mA. It is using discrete transistors to allow for higher power dissipation - maybe up to 300mW per channel, so should survive a hard short in in LED chains that that run at up to 15V. If anybody wants a PCB just ask... I can send it air post so you might just be able to use it for your Christmas tree lights
  22. I like it :-) For the electronics guys, I also like the "Have you ever played around with solderless breadboards and little ICs? - and FPGA is equivilent to a breadboard the size of a somewhere between a garage and a basketball court, all covered in digital ICs, and a thousand eager minions ready to do the tedious wiring for you".
  23. I've put in feelers to talk at the OSHW miniconf in Auckland NZ early next year.(see https://linux.conf.au/media/news/58) I am starting to think that a name change could be beneficial to OSHW on FPGA. Perhaps if we were to redefine FPGAs as "Software Defined Hardware" it would sound more alluring and marketable. What you you think? Mike .
  24. I'm building a jumbo LED clock, using Seeed Studio's 8" 7-segment LEDs, and a Papilio One 250K to control the PCBs with the LED drivers on them. So far I've implemented the digital clock, displaying on a LogicStart, but to add a twist I've not used any addition or subtraction anywhere in the design. http://hamsterworks.co.nz/mediawiki/index.php/Math_free_digital_clock
  25. Humm... I guess it gets into the whole kiCad / vs Cadsoft Eagle debate that OSHW is currently facing. Even if you have all the H/W design files available to you, is it still Open Source if you have a closed source tool somewhere in the tool chain? So what about when that set of Gerbers hit the PCB house? do the use open source tools? And the actual PCB machines and pick and place? Do they use open source tools? Do people consider the Propeller CPU "Open Source" now that the design files are available, even though there is no economic way to implement it in silicon? A purest would say "Open Source all the way" but turns up empty handed when they are asked for the design codes for their systems firmware, an Intel CPU or microcode, their system's chip-set or Motherboard design files. I see it no different from running Apache on WIndows, or using Perl on HP-UX - as long as somebody else can pick up the design and port it to another platform without undue cost or legal issues then it is Open Source. I see FPGAs as closed tools that allow people to peel the onion a few layers more - would you not agree that the ZPUino is more "Open" than an Arduino, as the design for the CPU is all yours to play with, adapt and enhance?